Three dimensional (3D) and Real Time three dimensional (4D) ultrasound has changed the way scans are carried out. Such ultrasound techniques have now become acceptable as valuable methods of diagnosis. 3D and 4D ultrasound can nowadays be applied to the examination of all internal body organs. Originally developed in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology, ultrasound diagnosis is now common place throughout internal medicine. This book is the first to deal with Real Time 4D ultrasound, and discusses its usage when applied to all internal organs. This book is written by two internationally renowned practitioners of state of the art 3D and 4D ultrasound techniques.
This book is designed to provide the reader with a full understanding of the role of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in helping to solve many of the most challenging problems in endodontics. It will shorten the learning curve in application of this exciting imaging technique in a variety of contexts: difficult diagnostic cases, treatment planning, evaluation of internal tooth anatomy prior to root canal therapy, nonsurgical and surgical treatments, early detection and treatment of resorptive defects, and outcomes assessment.
The ability to obtain an accurate 3D representation of a tooth and the surrounding structures by means of noninvasive CBCT imaging is changing the approach to clinical decision making in endodontics. Clinicians long accustomed to working in very small, three-dimensional spaces are no longer constrained by the limitations of two-dimensional imaging. The challenges of mastering the new technology can, however, be daunting. The detailed guidance contained in this book will help endodontists to take full advantage of the important benefits offered by CBCT. ?
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